Ethics and Negligence in Publication
The SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH JOURNAL is committed to ensuring the ethics and quality of publications, complying with international publication ethics standards established by COPE.
The journal strictly prohibits plagiarism and any documents found with this issue will be rejected or not published. By signing the publication agreement, authors must guarantee that their work is original and does not infringe on anyone's copyright. They must also justify that all authors have consented to the submission and that the article has not been published previously. The journal uses Unicheck software to detect plagiarism.
In case of any ethical issue, the article will be returned to the author and they will be notified of the committed violation. A report will be submitted to the editorial committee.
The requirements for manuscripts submitted to the SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH JOURNAL are as follows:
- Obtaining consent from all authors is necessary for submitting and publishing the reviewed article.
- All authors have made a significant contribution to the manuscript and no one has been excluded. The order of authors is based on their degree of involvement in the study, with those who had a higher participation appearing first.
- The submitted manuscript is unique and has not been published before or sent to another journal for review at the same time. It also does not include original material that has been copied from other authors without their permission. If the article includes material from other publications, permission for its use is required and must be attached.
- All content included in the manuscript that comes from previous research must be properly cited and referenced in accordance with the standards established for authors in the journal.
- The proposed reviewers for the manuscript have no employment, academic, or personal connection with the authors.
- The authors must ensure that they have read the guidelines of the Ethics Committee in Publications and guarantee that these principles are met. If it is discovered that the work does not comply with these recommendations or there are inadequate ethical practices, it will be withdrawn or removed, depending on the current state of the manuscript at the time of the detection of ethical violations.
The manuscript that does not meet the established criteria, any involved author can request from the SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH JOURNAL to have it withdrawn from publication.
These are the Ethical Principles of the journal:
- Approval from an Ethics Committee is mandatory.
- When necessary, authors must ensure that they have signed informed consent from study participants. If the Editor or a reviewer requests it, the author must provide it.
- Researchers must do their best to avoid offering excessive or inappropriate incentives, although economic incentives for the time spent by participants are allowed.
- Deceptive techniques or information aimed at confusing participants should be avoided.
- Once the study is completed, the researcher must inform participants about the study results and conclusions and take measures to prevent misunderstandings.
- Including images with cultural or historical value in accepted manuscripts for publication is prohibited.
- Fabricating data or manipulating figures in research work is unacceptable. If errors are identified, they must be corrected and publicly announced.
- An investigation will be carried out to determine if a violation has occurred if there is suspicion of inappropriate conduct. Research misconduct is defined as actions or omissions aimed at manipulating research results, providing false information about personal contribution, or infringing other ethical standards of research work.
- Investigations will be carried out on reports of research incidents that have been reported and notified by either identified or anonymous individuals, provided they are accompanied by the required adequate evidence.
- A current scientific article should effectively display its findings through a balanced combination of text, tables, and graphs for easy understanding of the information, and may also include images. However, inappropriate manipulation of images may generate false results.
- It is essential to avoid exact reproduction of text and reinterpreting information obtained from scientific literature is advised, while always acknowledging the authors of the original publication. Plagiarism includes using tables or data without mentioning the original source author, as well as publishing images or figures without proper authorization.
- It is important for researchers not to present previously published information as if it were original. Submitting the same manuscript to different journals at the same time is not permitted. If the Editorial Committee detects this situation, the manuscript will be withdrawn. Translations of already published manuscripts should not be presented as an original article.
- All authors must be involved in at least two stages in the research process: planning, data collection, results analysis, and manuscript preparation. It is essential that each of the authors of a scientific article has a significant contribution to the development of the research.
- The Editorial Committee will communicate with the affected author to request more details in case of suspicions or reports of authorship issues.
- It is necessary to specify the sources of funding and acknowledge them in the acknowledgments section.
- Original manuscripts and reviews are initially evaluated according to the standards of the "Scientific Research Journal" specified in the guidelines for authors. After meeting these requirements, manuscripts are reviewed by two or more experts on the subject matter selected for their specialized knowledge.
- The average timeline for the editorial process, from the moment the article is received until the Editorial Committee makes a final decision, ranges from 6 to 8 weeks.
- The Chief Editor, Associate Editors, and Advisory Committee members have no involvement in decision-making regarding manuscripts they themselves have submitted to the Scientific Research Journal.
- It is necessary for editors, authors, and reviewers to report any conflicts of interest that may affect their ability to evaluate or present a manuscript objectively. Conflicts of interest include personal, religious, financial or political interests.
- Authors and readers must inform the Scientific Research Journal of any errors in a publication that affect the interpretation of the results through a Letter to the Editor. Corrections will be published, and in case of significant errors that may nullify the work, the possibility of retracting the published manuscript will be evaluated.
- Retractions occur when reported errors have an impact on the understanding of the results, and also in situations where the information presented is misleading or false, the data is fictitious, or the study cannot be replicated, or there are serious ethical violations.
- The article will only be removed, suppressed, or hidden if there is a case that includes legal violations, defamation or other legal restrictions or false or inaccurate data. In these cases, a retraction statement will be issued. If proven ethical breaches have been committed but the article has been published, only the authors will be informed of the removal of their manuscript from the review processes.
- The author is required to sign an agreement transferring their proprietary rights to the Scientific Research Journal and present it along with their manuscript. If the manuscript is not selected for publication, the transfer will be ineffective and the author may publish the manuscript on another platform if they wish.
- Original manuscripts and revisions are first evaluated with respect to the requirements of the Scientific Research Journal, as described in the Author Guidelines. Then, the manuscripts are evaluated by two or more reviewers chosen for their expertise in the subject matter of the manuscript, who remain anonymous and provide their services without compensation. Editorials and letters to the editor are reviewed by a single editor, unless the evaluation of an external reviewer is necessary.
- Reviewers evaluate impartially and offer useful and coherent criticisms to improve the manuscript. They can suggest publication without adjustments, publication after corrections and improvements, or rejection with clear justifications. The decision to publish the article, reject it or send recommendations to the author is taken by the Editor based on the evaluations of the reviewers.
- Reviewers can inform the Editor of the possibility of fraud or alteration of results and violation of ethical principles in research. They can also inform the Editor if there are crucial sections of the work that have already been published or are under review for publication elsewhere, in order to avoid repetition in the manuscript.
- Reviewers must meet the agreed deadlines for reviews, reject reviewing manuscripts outside of their area of expertise or when there is a relationship with the authors, and maintain the confidentiality and copyright of the manuscript, avoiding discussing its contents with third parties.